Yinchuan is the capital of Ningxia Hui Autonomous Region and was once also the capital of the Western Xia dynasty (1038-1227). The Xia were overthrown by Genghis Khan in 1227 but remnants of this age can be found at the Western Xia Mausoleum in Helanshan.
The city is located in the central part of the Ningxia Plain, with the Yellow River to its east and the Helan Mountain to its west. This favorable geographic location has kept the city protected from desert storms and has provided plentiful water supplies.
Yinchuan is a multi-nationality city including Han, Hui, Manchu, Mongolian, and Chaoxian peoples. Among them, the Hui people account for 26.3 percent of the total population and they have maintained the traditional folk customs and life style that are unique to other ethnic group.
A brilliant culture has contributed to Yinchuan being a famous tourist city. There are over 60 historical sites including mosques, pagodas, pavilions, temples, and imperial tombs as well as natural scenery such as Helan Mountain, Sand Lake Scenic Resort (Sha Hu) and Shapotou, etc.
A transportation system of highway, railway and airlines in Yinchuan provides speed and convenience. There are several national highways leading to all parts of the country and more than 125 kilometers (about 78 miles) of expressways within the boundaries of the city. Baolan Railway (Baotou in Inner Mongolia Provence to Lanzhou in Gansu Province) and Zhongbao Railway (Zhongwei in Yinchuan Province to Baoji in Shaanxi Province) connect with all railway lines to every destination. In addition, flights from Yinchuan Hedong Airport take you to all the major cities of China.