Beihai is located at the southern end of Guangxi and the northeastern bank of the Beibu Gulf. Together with Hepu County, Haicheng district, Yinhai District and Tieshan Port District it administers, it covers a total area of 3,337 sq.kilometers of which urban area is 957 sq .kilometers. Its population is 1.36 million, among them, the urban population is of 500,000.
As early as 2000 years ago, Beihai was active in China's foreign economy and port trade. Even from the Han and Tang times, it was one of the famous starting ports of the marine silk route, establishing its stutus as an important port city in southern China in modern and contemporary history.I n April 1984, Beihai was approved by the State Council as one of the fourteen coastal cities further opened to outside world.
Beihai has a good geographical surrounding. Backed by the great southwest region of China, it faces the Southeast Asia, with Guangdong Province, Hainan Island, Hong Kong, Macao and Vietnam closed by.
Beihai is one of the nearest ports from China mainland to the port cities in Southeast Asia, West Asia, Africa and Europe and thus is the most convenient gateway to sea for Beihai's southwest region and part of the areas in southern and central China.
Today, Beihai's geographical advantages are becoming more and more important in the economic development of China's southwest region, and Asia Pacific region as well.
Beihai is rich in natural resources such as sea ports, fresh water, land, tourism, marine products, mincrals, oil and natural gas, especially in those of comprehensive subtropical resources. Beihai has a coastal line of 500 kilometers, with several gulfs and port areas of excellent natural cnditions. Along the coast, over 200 berths can be built for 10.000 to 50.000 ton ships, and another 24 for 100.000 to 200.000 tonnage.
The land in Beihai, about 70% of the city proper being smooth and plain, has a very high geological bearing reserve. It is good for large scale land development and industrial projects. Beihai is affluent in fresh water reserves.