Situated in the west of the Inner Mongolia Autonomous Region, adjacent to the Republic of Mongolia in the north and Yellow River in the south, Baotou also connects with thousands and thousands miles of plains and mountain ranges. Baotou is the largest industrial city in Inner Mongolia Autonomous Region, and it lies in the "Golden Triangle"; of Hetao Plain it's an important industrial base for metallurgy, machinery, chemicals and energy in China. It is also abundant in rare earth. The total area of Baotou covers 27, 768 square kilometers, 160. 6 square kilometers of which is urbanized. The land surrounding Baotou is flat, with the exception of some small mountains to the north. The Yellow river is located about 12 miles (20 km) to the south of the city. A large, dry riverbed runs south through the west part of the city. This riverbed is likely full during the spring.
Baotou is a city with 37 nationalities. The people of Mongolia, Han, Man, Hui, Dawuer and Ewenke can all be found here. Baotou is perhaps most renowned for its historic sites, which include Ashan Ruins, the Qin Great Wall, Zhao Great Wall, the old Wudangzhao Temple, and the Meidai Temple. For sightseeing lovers, Baotou also offers scenic areas such as the Xilamuren Grassland and JiuFeng Mountains. In addition to the many historic and scenic spots in Baotou, the city also enjoys a semi-arid continental climate. Baotou is now one of the biggest and wetitlehiest industrial cities in China's autonomous regions, developing such industries as metallurgy, machinery, textile, chemical industry, and rare earth supplies. No wonder Baotou is also known as the "Steel City Outside the Great Wall" and "Rare Earth City".