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Confucian Temple, a Sacred Hall of Art in Guizhou

The Confucian Temple is the place where Chinese officials in ancient times offered sacrifices to Confucius, the great ideologue, politician and educator. There are numerous Confucian Temples of various sizes all over the county. They also served as school of higher education in ancient times. All these temples were exquisitely constructed as a sign of local respect to the Sage.

A Confucian Temple has been kept intact in Anshun, Guizhou Province in southwestern China. Now it has been turned into a museum to display the colorful culture of ethnic groups in the provinces.

The temple in Anshun City is about 100 kilometers southwest of Guiyang, the provincial capital. With a history of more than 600 years, it has become one of the nine national cultural relics units in Guizhou, and is under state protection. The architectural complex consists of four courtyards constructed in terraces, each higher than the other. After renovation and expansion in the Ming (1368-1644) and Qing (1644-1911) dynasties, it assumed its present size, and is very magnificent when looked at from the front.

Over the entrance is a stone memorial archway which has inscriptions to eulogize the great man. On the right side of the entrance is erected a stone table with carved characters reminding civil and military officials in the Ming and Qing dynasties to dismount from their horse before passing through the entrance. According to the rules, the officials had to enter from the right door and come out from the left.

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