The whole Huangshan City consists of 3 districts and 4 counties as below (click each of the locations on the map for more infromation):
Tunxi--Capital of Huangshan City
Tunxi has been one of the most important towns in southern Anhui since ancient times. It lies in the upper reaches of the Xin'an River on the vital communications line linking up the provinces of Anhui, Jiangxi and Zhejiang. From Tunxi highways extend to all parts of the country, the Anhui--Jiangxi Railway stretches westward, and airlines lead to Beijing, Shanghai, Guangzhou, Hefei and other coastal cities. With all the facilities for travel, Tunxi is also a service center of the Huangshan Tourist Zone.
The Ancient Tunxi Street is so antique and quaint that it has been referred to as The Town of the Song Dynasty. And as the street scenes are good for shooting films of ancient stories, Tunxi Town is also regarded as an ideal Film and TV Town. Map of Tunxi
Shexian County, the seat of ancient Huizhou Prefecture and one of China' s famous historical and cultural cities, lies at the southern foot of Mt. Huangshan. With a population of 580, 000, it covers an area of 2,680 square kilometers in the upper reaches of the Xin'an River. Map of Shexian
The Ancient Town of Huizhou
Huizhou (formally called Yansi), an ancient town situated between Tunxi and Shexian, is the southern entrance to Mt. Huangshan. It was set up in the second year of Shaoxing' s reign (1132) in the Southern Song Dynasty. By the early Ming Dynasty it had developed into a town of 3 miles in circumference with 10 thousand households and hosts of merchants and traders. Map of Huizhou District
Xiuning County was set up in the l3th year of Jian'an (208) in the Eastern Han Dynasty. With a population of 260,000, it covers an area of 2,125 square km, only 15km away from the Qiyun Mountain, a well-known Taoist sacred place. Map of Xiuning
Huangshan District is located inland of South Anhui with Mt. Huangshan in the south, Taiping Lake in the north and Mt. Jiuhua to the west. It covers an area of 1,775 square kilometers with a population of 162,000. Its history can be traced back to as early as 1,250 years ago. Its unique location, long-standing history, peerless ecological environment and abundant tourism resources add to its mystic appeal.
"Green" highlights the beauty of Huangshan District as its symbol and pride. Its forestry coverage reaches 79%. Both atmosphere and water are of the state-designated first-class standard. Greenery makes up over 30% of the 4.5 Square kilometers of city proper. It serves as one of the national science & technology exemplars, concurrently as one of the national water & soil ecological preservation exemplars. Map of Huangshan District
Yixian is so named because black rocks are scattered all over the place (the Chinese word for its name is a combination of many and black rocks). As the word is never used otherwise, many people can't pronounce it, so they simply say the two parts of the word separately, calling the place Many-Black County, A particular kind of stone found in the mountains known as Yixian Grey, is close-textured and smooth, hence an ideal material for building and sculpture. The tables, chairs, stone lions and other carvings made out of the local stone sell well at home and abroad. Surrounded by mountains, Yixian is remote and quaint for its ancient houses and old customs. Li Bai admired the place in his famous lines,
Yixian boasts a wonderland,
And wonders see no end,
The land puts on rare plants,
And folks wear old-styled clothes.
In the tranquility of this haven of peace, one does forget all about his worldly cares. Map of Yixian
Qimen County--Hometown of Keemun Black Tea
Qimen County is situated at very southern part of Anhui Province, to the west of Huangshan mountain range, borders Jiangxi Province. It is a mountainous county covering 2,257 square kilometers, with 25 villages and towns and a population of 186,000. Map of Qimen County
Qimen County enjoys nice scenery and unique tourist resources. Guniujiang Nature Resort is proud of peaks, gullys, rivulets, and waterfalls etc. A big rock on the peak resembles a water buffalo that has just landed from the sky. Guniujiang is also called "a treasure-house of wildlife". As an important part of Hui-culture area, Qimen has plentiful Hui-style architecture, such as old residential houses and official buildings, old opera stages and pagodas. So-callded Double Bridge, Pingzheng Bridge and Renji Bridge are famous among those old buildings. Qimen County has been known for its folk art, especially its operas, for instance, Mulian Opera, Tea-Picking Opera, Huangmei Opera, Butterfly-Catching Dance and Xi-Lantern Dance, etc.