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Plants and Animals


According to the Directories of Plants in Huangshan, 1985, Huangshan scenic spots have 1446 species of protophyte in 155 orders, 193 species of hemerophyte in 51 orders. The protophyte include 187 species of bryophyte in 114 genera and 127 species of pteridophyte in 57 genera. Those under the second-class state protection are Ginkgo biloba L., Emmenopterys henryi Oliv., Pseudotsuga gaussenii Flous, Pseudolarix kaempferi (Lindl.) Gord., Eucommia ulmoides Oliv., Liriodendron chinense Sary., Cercidiphyllum japonicum Sieb. et Zucc., Kirengeshoma palmata Y. . Those under the third-class state protection are Tsuga tchekiangensis (Flous., Euptelea pleiosperma Hook. f. et Thoms, Magnolia officinalis Rehd. et Wils. Subsp. biloba (Rehd. et Wils., Magnolia cylindrica Wils., sorbus anabils Cheng ex Yu., Litsea auriculate Chien et Cheng., Magnolia sieboldii K. Koch., cinnamomum japonicum Sieb, Magnlia amoena Cheng, Metasequoia glyptostroboides Hu et Cheng, Pteroceltis tatarino Wii Maxim, Tapiscia sinensis Oliv, stewartia sinensis Rehd. dt Wils. Besides, Mt. Huangshan also preserves the ancient plants in the Tertiary and Quaternary period, which include Huperzia serrata (Thunb.) Nakai, Osmunda japonica Thunb., diploteruygium glaum (Thunb) Nakai, Ginkgo biloba L., Cephalotaxus fortunei Hook. F., Cephalotaxus. sinensis (Rehd et wils.) Li, Pseudolaxix kaepferi (Lindl0 Gord), Liguidambar formosano hance., Manglietia formdiana Oliv., Aphanathe aspera (Thunb.) Planch, etc.

These rare and ancient plants are of great viewing value and of scientific research significance. They can serve as important materials and experiment sites for probing into origins and history

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