Location: lying in the central part of northeast China, borders Liaoning Province to the south, the Inner Mongolia Autonomous Region to the west, Heilongjiang Province to the north and Russia to the east and faces the Korean Peninsula across the Yalu River to the southeast.
Area: 187,400 square kilometers
Climate: Ttropical; marine; rainy season during southwest monsoon (June to August); cloudiness is persistent and extensive all year
Provincial Capital: Changchun
Map of Jilin
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Population: 27.28 millions (March 2001)
Ethnic Groups: There are 40 ethnical groups, including the Han, Korean, Manchu, Mongolian, Hui, etc.
Agriculture: Jilin is one of the important commodity grain bases in China. It abounds with soybean, corn, sorghum, millet, rice, small red bean, wheat, tuber, sunflower seeds, beets and tobacco. It has been among the national top in terms of percapita, commercial grain proportion for many years. About 2.96 million hectares of prairies in the province's northwest make it an ideal place for animal husbandry production, a well-known pasture land for sheep in the country as well as a major production base of commercial cattle and fine wool sheep in North China.
Industry: Jilin Province has a very solid industrial base. Relatively perfect industry system has come into being. There are more than 14, 000 industrial enterprises now in Jilin and six dominant industries, which are engineering industry, petrochemical industry, pharmaceutical industry food industry, metallurgical and forestry industry. Jilin leads the country in its production of automobiles, railway cares, tractors, ferroalloy, carbonic products, timber, sugar, crude oil, vegetable oil and no-mineral products.
Jilin is a world-renowned producer of the "three treasures of northeastern China,"- ginseng, mink, and pilous antler. Its output of ginseng and pilous antler surpuses that of other regions in China. Ginseng from Xinkaihe of Ji'an City has the best quality. There are more than 2,700 species of wild plants, including 90 of medicinal value. Of which over 70 can be used in the manufacture of perfumes and tonics. Jilin has abundant tourism resources. There are 12 tourist areas, 349 tourist spots, 92 sightseeing spots, 35 nature reserves, and 8 places of historic interest and scenic beauty, 104 historical sites under state and provincial protection, 21 national forest parks, and 3 provincial tourist resorts.