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Ningxia Hui Autonomous Region

Location: situated on the northwest loess highland, the Yellow River flows through a vast area of its land.

Area: 51,800 sq km 

Climate: climate with summer temperature rising to as high as 39 degrees Centigrade and winter temperature plummeting to as low as 30 degrees below zero. The day\night temperature variation in summer is 17 degrees 

Map of Ningxia

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Provincial Capital: Yinchuan 

Population: 5.62 millions (March 2001) 

Ethnic groups: Hui, Han

Agriculture: although Ningxia is situated on the northwest loess highland, the Yellow River flows through a vast area of its land. Among its 66.4 thousand square kilometer of landmass, 8 thousand benefit from the Yellow River. There are 11.86 million mu (15 mu equals one hectare) of cultivated lands, over 2 mu per capita, and 3.6 million mu are paddy fields, more than one mu for each agricultural persoon. Yet, there are still 610 thousand hectares of wasteland good for agriculture that haven't been reclaimed.

Industry: ndustry in Ningxia is developing very fast. Many industrial enterprises have established. They consist of coal, electric power, metal working,petroleum, machinery, chemical, building materials, textile, synthetic fabrics, medical, plastic, daily silicate, sugar, electron, meter,leather, paper, cigarette, and foodstuff. All these form a comparatively full system of industry.

Ningxia is one of the cradles of Chinese civilization. It has been proved that human activities existed here 30,000 years ago, leaving behind a rich heritage combining the cultures of Western Xia State, the migrants, the boundary areas, and Islam. Ningxia has many historic sites, such as the mystic royal mausoleums of the Western Xia State - often called the Pyramids of China - and the cliff carvings on Mt. Helan. Bird Island, the magnificent Mt. Helan, the boundless deserts, and the splendid Huanghe (Yellow) River make Ningxia a final destination for holidaymakers.

Ningxia's population includes more than 20 ethnic minorities, one third of whom are the Hui. The Huis in Ningxia account for one sixth of all the Huis in China. Thus, Ningxia is also known as the Home of the Hui People. Ningxia has become an important window in China displaying the religion, the lifestyle, and the culture of the Hui people.

City Guide of Ningxia Hui Autonomous Region
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