Location: Hainan Province is situated at the southernmost part of China.
Area: 34,000 sq km
Climate: Hainan Island has monsoon tropical climate with annual average temperature 22ºC--26ºC and annual rainfall 1500-2000mm. More than 300 days of a year are sunny days. Hainan is a good place for escaping cold, relieving summer heat, having holidays and traveling due to above-mentioned climate.
Provincial Capital: Haikou
Map of Hainan
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Population: 7.87 millions (March 2001)
Ethnic Groups: Han nationality--totaling 84.1 percent of the population--and the rest are the Li, Miao, Hui and other minority nationalities. The Li nationality has a population of 980,400 people, and the Miao, 45,600.
Major Cities: Sanya
Agriculture: Tropical high-yielding agriculture of a new kind has risen abruptly and keeps on developing and extending from region to base and towards being industrialized, which has given an impetus to tropical tourist agriculture, ecological agriculture and hi-tech agriculture. A significant base of China has taken its root or is taking shape in Hainan, where cultivations will be centralized such as natural rubber, seed breeding, vegetables and melons growing in winter, tropical fruits, tropical flowers and plants, and marine aquiculture. The base has brought about a great deal of famous farm produce of high quality, and begun its transformation from the superiority of farm produce to that of farm cash crops and to their processing industry. As a result, the status as China's agricultural base in Hainan has been reinforced.
Industry: Focusing attention on market demand and intensifying both application of new technology and exploitation of superior resources, all these measures have resulted in renovation of traditional industry and rapid growth of newly–developed industry. At present, an industrial complex is beginning to take shape with mainstay of natural gas, chemicals, building materials, beverage, food stuff, medicinal, chemical fibers, textiles, machinery, electronics, metallurgy, information, etc.
Distinctive tourism resources abound in Hainan. Sandy coasts take about 50 to 60% of its 1,528-kilometer coastline. The beaches are usually hundreds of or thousands of meters wide, stretching gently into the sea with a slope of five degrees. Located alongside an unruffled sea, with crystal-clear seawater at the temperatures between 18 ˚C and 30˚C, plus bright and abundant sunlight, most of its beaches are good for swimming, sunbath, sand-bath and wind-bath almost all year round. Under the cool shade of the trees, the air is very refreshing too. Over 60 spots dispersed along the eastern coastline between Haikou and Sanya can be developed to bathing beaches. Also lie along the eastern coastline are mangroves and coral reefs that are unique to tropical coastal areas.
Hainan is noted for its singularly-shaped mountains, of which many are tourist attractions and summer resorts. Densely spread tropical primeval forests are characteristic of Hainan's lofty mountains, such as the four most well-known virgin forest regions of Mount Jianfeng in Ledong County, Mount Bawang in Changjiang County, Mount Diaoluo in Lingshui County and Mount Wuzhi in Qiongzhong County.