Location: Hunan Province is located in the middle reaches of the Yangtze River, with the Dongting Lake situated on the north.
Area: 210,500 sq km
Climate: The north generally experiences more extreme weather conditions, both in summer and in winter than the south. In winter, occasional waves of cold front form a high-pressure zone centered over Mongolia sweep southward.
Provincial Capital: Changsha
Map of Hunan
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Population: 64,00 Millions (March 2001)
Ethnic Groups: These minority peoples consist of four groups, the Miaos, the Tujia, the Dong, and the Yao.
Agriculture: Hunan is a major producer of grain in China. With only 3.2 percent of the country's arable land, the province produces 6 percent of the country's grain, the fifth largest producer of the 31 provinces, municipalities and autonomous regions. In particular, Hunan is the largest producer of rice and ramie, the second largest producer of tea, and the third largest producer of oranges. Among its well-known native products are day lily, lotus seeds, fragrant mushroom, ginger, seeds of Job's tears and pepper. In animal husbandry, pig-raising generates a handsome amount of income for farmers. The province is a leading producer of pork. Other popular native products include buffalos of Binhu, cattle of western Hunan and geese of ugang county.
Industry: Hunan is known for its rich mineral resources,which currently number 134. Specifically, it has the largest deposits of stibium and tungsten. In addition, its deposits of bismuth, rubidium, stone, coal, eolite, bolognian stone, manganese, vanadium, arsenic, lead and zinc are also among the largest in China.
Hunan has a long history, with abundant products, beautiful scenery and many places of interest. The historical and cultural cities of Changsha and Yueyang are located in the province. Also, there are 25 tourism areas at the State or provincial level, 22 nature reserves at or above the provincial level, 51 ancient or memorial buildings and more than 70 relics, ancient tombs or tablet inscriptions. Hunan is also the home of many famous people, including Mao Zedong, Liu Shaoqi and Hu Yaobang. Lots of tourists come here to track down their stories.
Hunan is "a land of fish and rice", teeming with delicacies, fruits and handicrafts of every kind. Its embroidery is known across the country and the ammonite stone carvings are famous throughout the world. Both artistic forms have won favor with tourists. Travelers cannot only taste the delicious Hunan dishes, but can also enjoy colorful festivals with minority nationalities. Various kinds of folk art are demonstrated here.