Nanchang, the capital of Jiangxi Province, is located along the Ganjiang River. For many centuries, it was a storage and distribution center for the famous porcelain from nearby Jingdezhen. In 1937, it became famous when on August 1, Zhou Enlai led an uprising against Chiang Kai-Shek's nationalist army at Nanchang before retreating to the nearby Jinggang Mountains to form one of the first armed forces of the Chinese Red Army. Today, the anniversary of the uprising is celebrated each year in China as the day the People's Liberation Army was founded.
There are few sites of historical value or interest in Nanchang. However, from here, one can take excursion tours to the famous summer resort, Lushan Mountain, China's porcelain capital Jingdezhen and Mt. Huangshan, perhaps the most fabulous mountain in China.